1,673,785 — The number of people who reported an Aboriginal identity in the 2016 Census of Population.
4.9% — The percentage of the total population of Canada who reported an Aboriginal identity in 2016. This was up from 3.8% in 2006 and 2.8% in 1996.
977,230 — The number of people who reported being First Nations (including Status and Non–Status Indians) in 2016.
587,545 — The number of people who reported being Métis in 2016.
65,025 — The number of people who reported being Inuit in 2016.
32.1 years — The average age of the Aboriginal population in Canada in 2016, almost a decade younger than the non–Aboriginal population (40.9 years). Among the three Aboriginal groups, Inuit were the youngest with an average age of 27.7 years, followed by First Nations at 30.6 years and Métis at 34.7 years
70+ — More than 70 Aboriginal languages were reported in the 2016 Census. These languages can be divided into 12 language families: Algonquian languages, Inuit languages, Athabaskan languages, Siouan languages, Salish languages, Tsimshian languages, Wakashan languages, Iroquoian languages, Michif, Tlingit, Kutenai and Haida.
208,720 — The number of Aboriginal people who reported an Aboriginal mother tongue. More people speak an Aboriginal language (260,550 speakers) than have an Aboriginal language as a mother tongue, especially among youth. This is evidence that people are learning Aboriginal languages as a second language.
64% — The percentage of Inuit speaking an Inuit language well enough to conduct a conversation. The Inuit language spoken by the largest number of Inuit was Inuktitut, with 39,475 speakers. This was followed by Inuinnaqtun (1,310 speakers), Inuvialuktun (595 speakers) and other Inuit languages (350 speakers).
2.0 to 2.6 million — The Aboriginal population by 2036.
4.6 to 6.1% — The percentage of the Canadian population reporting an Aboriginal identity by 2036.
34.7 to 36.6 years — The median age of the Aboriginal population by 2036.
*Statistics provided by Statistics Canada “National Indigenous Peoples Day…. by the numbers” Statistics on Indigenous peoples (statcan.gc.ca)
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